Question B.13, 2019 Labor Law Bar Exam

Atty. Jericho Del Puerto

Atty. Jericho Del Puerto

Lawyer, Author, Mentor


(Question B.13, Labor Law, 2019 Bar Exam)

Mr. A signed a one (1)-year contract with XYZ Recruitment Co. for deployment as welding supervisor for DEF, Inc. located in Dubai. The employment contract, which the Philippine Overseas Employment Administration (POEA) approved, stipulated a salary of US$600.00 a month.

Mr. A had only been in his job in Dubai for six (6) months when DEF, Inc. announced that it was suffering from severe financial losses and thus intended to retrench some of its workers, among them Mr. A. DEF, Inc. hinted, however, that employees who would accept a lower salary could be retained.

Together with some other Filipino workers, Mr. A agreed to a reduced salary of US$400.00 a month and thus, continued with his employment.

(a) Was the reduction of Mr. A’s salary valid? Explain. (2.5%)

(b) Assuming that the reduction was invalid, may Mr. A hold XYZ recruitment Co. liable for underpayment of wages? Explain. (2.5%)

Suggested Answer:

(a) No. Answer

Under the 1987 Constitution and R.A. 8042, the State shall afford full protection to labor, including overseas employment. To add, the Labor Code prohibits reduction of wages via the non-diminution of benefits rule. Rule

In the case at bar, Philippine labor law applies to Mr. A even if he work in Dubai. Since the non-diminution of benefits prohibits reduction of wages, his salary should not have been deducted. Apply

Thus, the reduction of Mr. A’s salary was not valid.

(b) Yes. Answer

Under the implementing rules and regulations of R.A. 8042, the liability of the principal/employer and the recruitment/placement agency for any and all claims under this section shall be joint and several. Rule

In the case at bar, XYZ Recruitment is the local agent of DEF, Inc. As an agent, XYZ Recruitment Co. hired Mr. A to work for DEF, Inc. Based on the cited provision, XYZ Recruitment Co. is solidarily liable with the foreign employer for the underpayment of wages of Mr. A. Apply

Thus, Mr. A. may hold XYZ Recruitment Co. liable for underpayment of wages. Conclusion


(Notice: The suggested answers simulate those that a bar examinee may provide, and thus specific citations are not provided. Notwithstanding, in the reviewers, the bar exam question is answered under the appropriate topic which discusses the concepts and principles, as well as provide for specific citations. Accordingly, please refer to it on the reviewer or in the Library.)



Political Law, Labor Law

E. Discipline of members

Frequency: ★★☆☆☆ 1. Parliamentary (Internal) Rules Each House may determine the rules of its proceedings, punish its Members for disorderly behavior, and, with the concurrence

D. Appointments to the judiciary

Frequency: ★★★☆☆ 1. Qualifications a. Constitutional and statutory qualifcations In general. A Member of the Judiciary must be a person of proven competence, integrity, probity,

A. Legislative Power

Frequency: ★★★★☆ The legislative power shall be vested in the Congress of the Philippines which shall consist of a Senate and a House of Representatives,

Question 15, 2018 Labor Law Bar Exam

XV. (Question XV, Labor Law, 2018 Bar Exam) Nexturn Corporation employed Nini and Nono, whose tasks involved directing and supervising rank-and-file employees engaged in company

L. Bouncing Checks Law

Frequency: ★★★★☆ “Credit” – refers to an arrangement or understanding with the bank for the payment of such check. (Section 4, B.P. 22) 1. Crime

G. Anti-Plunder Act

Frequency: ★★★★★ “Public Officer” – means any person holding any public office in the Government of the Republic of the Philippines by virtue of an

E. Lawyer’s Oath

I, do solemnly swear that I will maintain allegiance to the Republic of the Philippines, I will support the Constitution and obey the laws as

error: Content is protected.