Question 2, 2018 Labor Law Bar Exam


(Question II, Labor Law, 2018 Bar Exam)

Nayon Federation issued a charter certificate creating a rank-and-file Neuman Employees Union. On the same day, New Neuman Employees Union filed a petition for certification election with the Department of Labor and Employment (DOLE) Regional Office, attaching the appropriate charter certificate.

a) The employer, Neuman Corporation, filed a motion to dismiss the petition for lack of legal personality on the part of the petitioner union. Should the motion be granted? (2.5%)

b) The employer likewise filed a petition for cancellation of union registration against New Neuman Employees Union, alleging that Nayon Federation already had a chartered local rank-and-file union, Neuman Employees Union, pertaining to the same bargaining unit within the establishment. Should the petition for cancellation prosper? (2.5%)

Suggested Answer:

(a) No. Answer

Under the Labor Code, the employer is only a bystander in all cases involving certification election. Otherwise stated, whether the petition for certification election is filed by an employer or a legitimate labor organization, the employer shall not be considered a party thereto with a concomitant right to oppose a petition for certification election. Rule

In the case at bar, the employer is only a bystander in the proceedings. It has no right to oppose the petition for certification election. Apply

Thus, the motion should not be granted. Conclusion

(b) No. Answer

Under the Labor Code, and DOLE regulations, the grounds for cancellation of union registration are as follows: (a) misrepresentation, false statement or fraud in connection with the adoption or ratification of the constitution and by-laws or amendments thereto, the minutes of ratification, the list of members who took part in the ratification; (b) misrepresentation, false statements or fraud in connection with the election of officers, minutes of the election of officers, and the list of voters; or (c) voluntary dissolution by the members. Rule

In the case at bar, the employer’s ground for cancellation is not one of those recognized by the Labor Code and DOLE Regulations. Apply

Thus, the petition for cancellation should not prosper. Conclusion


(Notice: The suggested answers simulate those that a bar examinee may provide, and thus specific citations are not provided. Notwithstanding, in the reviewers, the bar exam question is answered under the appropriate topic which discusses the concepts and principles, as well as provide for specific citations. Accordingly, please refer to it on the reviewer or in the Library.)


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