C. Productivity standards

Frequency: ★☆☆☆☆


An employer is entitled to impose productivity standards for its employees, and the latter’s non-compliance therewith can lead to his termination from work. (Puncia v. Toyota Shaw/Pasig, Inc., G.R. No. 214399, 28 June 2016)

An employer is entitled to impose productivity standards for its workers, and in fact, non-compliance may be visited with a penalty even more severe than demotion. Thus, the practice of a company in laying off workers because they failed to make the work quota has been recognized in this jurisdiction (Leonardo v. NLRC, Reynaldo’s Marketing Corporation, G.R. Nos. 125303, 126937, 16 June 2000)

Leonardo v. NLRC, Reynaldo’s Marketing Corporation (June 2000)
The employees’ failure to meet the sales quota assigned to each of them constitute a just cause of their dismissal, regardless of the permanent or probationary status of their employment. Failure to observe prescribed standards of work, or to fulfill reasonable work assignments due to inefficiency may constitute just cause for dismissal. Such inefficiency is understood to mean failure to attain work goals or work quotas, either by failing to complete the same within the allotted reasonable period, or by producing unsatisfactory results. This management prerogative of requiring standards may be availed of so long as they are exercised in good faith for the advancement of the employer’s interest.


Employers have the prerogative to impose productivity and quality standards at work.

They may also impose reasonable rules to ensure that the employees comply with these standards. Failure to comply may be a just cause for their dismissal. Certainly, employers cannot be compelled to retain the services of an employee who is guilty of acts that are inimical to the interest of the employer. (Sameer Overseas Placement Agency, Inc. v. Cabiles, G.R. No. 170139, 05 August 2014)

Disclaimer: All information herein is for educational and general information only intended for those preparing for the bar exam. These should not be taken as professional legal advice or opinion. Please consult a competent lawyer to address your specific concerns. Any statements or opinions of the author are solely his own and do not reflect that of any organization he may be connected.


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Mock Bar Exam: Labor Law

The Mock Bar Exam (MBE) for Labor Law will simulate previous bar exam questions, including the time limit. The objective

Related: Labor Law

D. Bonus

Frequency: ★☆☆☆☆ 1. CONCEPT A bonus is “a gratuity or act of liberality of the giver which the recipient has

C. Bargaining representative

Frequency: ★★★★★ 1. Modes to acquire status as Sole and Exclusive Bargaining Agent (SEBA) a. SEBA Certification Concept: Voluntary recognition.


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K. Voluntary arbitrator

Frequency: ★★★★★ 1. JURISDICTION a. Exclusive and original jurisdiction 1) Those arising from the implementation or interpretation of the CBA;


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