(Question VI, Labor Law, 2018 Bar Exam)
A certification election was conducted in Nation Manufacturing Corporation, whereby 55% of eligible voters in the bargaining unit cast their votes. The results were as follows:
Union Nana : 45 votes
Union Nada: 40 votes
Union Nara : 30 votes
No Union : 80 votes
Union Nana moved to be declared as the winner of the certification election.
a) Can Union Nana be declared as the winner? (2.5%)
b) Assume that the eligibility of 30 voters was challenged during the pre-election conference. The ballots of the 30 challenged voters were placed inside an envelope sealed by the DOLE Election Officer. Considering the said envelope remains sealed, what should be the next course of action with respect to the said challenged votes? (2.5%)
(a) No. Answer
Under DOLE regulations, to be declared as the winner in a certification election, a union has to obtain a majority of the valid votes cast. Rule
In the case at bar, the total number of votes cast is 195 votes. The majority vote (50% + 1) is at least 99 votes. Union Nana only obtained 45 votes, short of the required majority vote. Apply
Thus, Union Nana cannot be declared as the winner. Conclusion
(b) The Election Officer shall indicate on the envelope the voter’s name, the union challenging the voter, and the ground for the challenge. The sealed envelope shall then be signed by the Election Officer and the representatives of the contending unions. The Election Officer shall note all challenges in the minutes of the election proceedings and shall have custody of all envelopes containing the challenged votes. The envelopes shall be opened and the question of eligibility shall be passed upon by the Mediator-Arbiter only if the number of segregated votes will materially alter the results of the election.
(Notice: The suggested answers simulate those that a bar examinee may provide, and thus specific citations are not provided. Notwithstanding, in the reviewers, the bar exam question is answered under the appropriate topic which discusses the concepts and principles, as well as provide for specific citations. Accordingly, please refer to it on the reviewer or in the Library.)
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