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G. Electoral tribunals and the Commission on Appointments

1. Nature

a. ELECTORAL TRIBUNALS

The Senate and the House of Representatives shall each have an Electoral Tribunal which shall be the sole judge of all contests relating to the election, returns, and qualifications of their respective Members. (Section 17, Article VI, 1987 Constitution)

1) Composition

Each Electoral Tribunal shall be composed of nine Members, three of whom shall be Justices of the Supreme Court to be designated by the Chief Justice, and the remaining six shall be Members of the Senate or the House of Representatives, as the case may be, who shall be chosen on the basis of proportional representation from the political parties and the parties or organizations registered under the party-list system represented therein. (Ibid.)

The senior Justice in the Electoral Tribunal shall be its Chairman. (Ibid.)

2) How constituted

The Electoral Tribunals shall be constituted within thirty (30) days after the Senate and the House of Representatives shall have been organized with the election of the President and the Speaker.

b. COMMISSION ON APPOINTMENTS

The Commission on Appointments shall act on all appointments submitted to it within thirty (30) session days of the Congress from their submission. (Section 18, Article VI, 1987 Constitution)

1) Composition

There shall be a Commission on Appointments consisting of the President of the Senate, as ex officio Chairman, twelve Senators and twelve Members of the House of Representatives, elected by each House on the basis of proportional representation from the political parties and parties or organizations registered under the party-list system represented therein. (Ibid.)

2) Voting

The Chairman of the Commission shall not vote, except in case of a tie. (Ibid.)

The Commission shall rule by a majority vote of all the Members. (Ibid.)

3) How constituted

The Commission on Appointments shall be constituted within thirty days (30) after the Senate and the House of Representatives shall have been organized with the election of the President and the Speaker.

The Commission on Appointments shall meet only while the Congress is in session, at the call of its Chairman or a majority of all its Members, to discharge such powers and functions as are herein conferred upon it. (Section 19, Article VI, Ibid.)

2. Powers

a. ELECTORAL TRIBUNALS

The Electoral Tribunal which shall be the sole judge of all contests relating to the election, returns, and qualifications of their respective Members. (Section 17, Article VI, 1987 Constitution)

b. COMMISSION ON APPOINTMENTS

The Commission on Appointments shall act on all appointments submitted to it within thirty (30) session days of the Congress from their submission. (Section 18, Article VI, 1987 Constitution)

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