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B. Modes of acquiring title to public office

1. THE 2 MODES OF ACQUIRING TITLE TO PUBLIC OFFICE

There following are the two modes of acquiring title to public office:

1) By election for elective officials; or

2) By appointment for appointed officials.

1) Election

Elective officials occupy their office by virtue of the mandate of the electorate. They are elected to an office for a definite term and may be removed therefrom only upon stringent conditions. (Fariñas v. Executive Secretary, En Banc, G.R. Nos. 147387, 10 December 2003)

2) Appointment

Appointive officials hold their office by virtue of their designation thereto by an appointing authority. Some appointive officials hold their office in a permanent capacity and are entitled to security of tenure while others serve at the pleasure of the appointing authority. (Ibid.)

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