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A. Common provisions

1. CONSTITUTIONAL COMMISSIONS

The Constitutional Commissions, which shall be independent, are:

1) The Civil Service Commission (CSC);

2) The Commission on Elections (COMELEC); and

3) The Commission on Audit (COA). (Section 1, Part A, Article IX, 1987 Constitution)

2. INTERNAL RULES

Each Commission en banc may promulgate its own rules concerning pleadings and practice before it or before any of its offices. (Section 6, Part A, Article IX, Ibid.)

Such rules however shall not diminish, increase, or modify substantive rights. (Section 6, Part A, Article IX, Ibid.)

3. DECISION

a. Majority vote

Each Commission shall decide by a majority vote of all its Members any case or matter brought before it within sixty (60) days from the date of its submission for decision or resolution. (Section 7, Part A, Article IX, Ibid.)

b. When deemed submitted for decision or resolution

A case or matter is deemed submitted for decision or resolution upon the filing of the last pleading, brief, or memorandum required by the rules of the Commission or by the Commission itself. (Section 7, Part A, Article IX, Ibid.)

Unless otherwise provided by this Constitution or by law, any decision, order, or ruling of each Commission may be brought to the Supreme Court on certiorari by the aggrieved party within thirty (30) days from receipt of a copy thereof. (Section 7, Part A, Article IX, Ibid.)

4. ANCILLARY FUNCTIONS

Each Commission shall perform such other functions as may be provided by law. (Section 8, Part A, Article IX, Ibid.)

5. APPOINTMENT

a. By the President with consent of Commission on Appointments

The Chairman and the Commissioners shall be appointed by the President with the consent of the Commission on Appointments for a term of seven (7) years without reappointment. (Section 1[2], Part B, C, and D, Article IX, Ibid.)

b. Vacancy appointment only for unexpired term

Appointment to any vacancy shall be only for the unexpired term of the predecessor. (Section 1[2], Part B, C, and D, Article IX, Ibid.)

c. No appointment or designation in temporary/acting capacit

In no case shall any Member be appointed or designated in a temporary or acting capacity. (Section 1[2], Part B, C, and D, Article IX, Ibid.)

d. Ban on appointment

1) Election candidate

No candidate who has lost in any election shall, within one (1) year after such election, be appointed to any office in the Government or any government-owned or controlled corporations or in any of their subsidiaries. (Section 6, Part B, Article IX, Ibid.)

2) Elective official

No elective official shall be eligible for appointment or designation in any capacity to any public office or position during his tenure. (Section 7, Part B, Article IX, Ibid.)

3) Appointive official

Unless otherwise allowed by law or by the primary functions of his position, no appointive official shall hold any other office or employment in the Government or any subdivision, agency or instrumentality thereof, including government-owned or controlled corporations or their subsidiaries. (Paragraph 2, Section 7, Part B, Article IX, Ibid.)

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