C. Effects of the contract when the thing sold has been lost

1. Loss of generic things

Entirely lost. If at the time the contract of sale is perfected, the thing which is the object of the contract has been entirely lost, the contract shall be without any effect. (Article 1493, Ibid.)

Partially lost. But if the thing should have been lost in part only, the buyer may choose between withdrawing from the contract and demanding the remaining part, paying its price in proportion to the total sum agreed upon. (Paragraph 2, Article 1493, Ibid.)

2. Loss of specific goods

Where the parties purport a sale of specific goods, and the goods without the knowledge of the seller have perished in part or have wholly or in a material part so deteriorated in quality as to be substantially changed in character, the buyer may at his option treat the sale:
1) As avoided; or
2) As valid in all of the existing goods or in so much thereof as have not deteriorated, and as binding the buyer to pay the agreed price for the goods in which the ownership will pass, if the sale was divisible. (Article 1494, Ibid.)

Disclaimer: All information herein is for educational and general information only intended for those preparing for the bar exam. These should not be taken as professional legal advice or opinion. Please consult a competent lawyer to address your specific concerns. Any statements or opinions of the author are solely his own and do not reflect that of any organization he may be connected.


Mock Bar Exam Schedules

Test your knowledge. Practice answering questions, repeatedly and continuously — that’s how you prepare for the bar exam. Don’t mindlessly read throughout your bar exam review and expect you can effectively answer during your bar exam.

Related: Civil Law

A. General provisions

1. IN GENERAL The contract of lease may be of things, or of work and service. (Article 1642, Civil Code)

B-1. Natural obligations

Obligations are civil or natural. (Article 1423, Civil Code.) 1. Civil Obligations Civil obligations give a right of action to


We value feedback.
Help us improve by with your suggestions and comments.
Thank you in advance



B. National territory

Frequency: ★★☆☆☆ The national territory comprises the Philippine archipelago, with all the islands and waters embraced therein, and all other

E. Emergency powers

Frequency: ★★☆☆☆ | Probability: ★★★☆☆ a. Emergency War and other national emergency – Congress allowed to grant President emergency powers.


Suggested Answers

error: Content is protected.