V. Writs of habeas corpus, kalikasan, habeas data, and amparo

Except as otherwise expressly provided by law, the writ of habeas corpus shall extend to all cases of illegal confinement or detention by which any person is deprived of his liberty, or by which the rightful custody of any person is withheld from the person entitled thereto. (Section 1, Rule 102, Rules of Court)

R. Right against involuntary servitude

No involuntary servitude in any form shall exist except as a punishment for a crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted. (Section 18[2], Article III, 1987 Constitution)

P. Right against self-incrimination

The right against self-incrimination is accorded to every person who gives evidence, whether voluntary or under compulsion of subpoena, in any civil, criminal or administrative proceeding. (Rosete v. Lim, G.R. No. 136051, 08 June 2006)

N. Rights of the accused

No person shall be held to answer for a criminal offense without due process of law. (Section 14[1], Article III, 1987 Constitution)

M. Rights under custodial investigation

The guarantees of Sec. 12 (1), Art. III of the 1987 Constitution, or the so-called Miranda rights, may be invoked only by a person while he is under custodial investigation. (People v. Amestuzo, G.R. No. 104383, 12 July 2001)